Tartar, is a mineralized layer of plaque, which is a sticky and colorless layer of bacteria and carbohydrates that constantly forms on teeth and is the main cause of carious cavities and gum disease.

Tartar is not only a threat to teeth and gums, but is also a cosmetic problem. The porous surface of the mineralized plaque layer is easily discolored by tea, coffee or nicotine, forming darker borders near the surface of the gums (supragingival calculus),

More dangerous, however, is tartar hidden under the gums, as it can cause inflammation and eventually lead to parodontosis,